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Gum Disease Treatment
Lakewood, CO

Gum Disease Treatment provided by in Lakewood, CO at

Woman with dental pain due to gum disease.Imagine this: You are happily munching away on your favorite snack when suddenly, ouch! Your gums start throbbing, and it feels like you have bit on a pebble. You start wondering what you ate recently that's causing this pain. The discomfort has more to do with your oral hygiene than what you ate. Your tender gums are probably causing pain, which indicates a mild or severe case of gingivitis. Let's take a look at what it is and how it can be treated.

What Is Gum Disease?

Also known as periodontitis or periodontal disease, gum disease is a condition affecting the gums and surrounding teeth tissues. It's caused by bacteria found in plaque, which is a sticky film that forms on your teeth when sugars and starches in food interact with it in your mouth. If not removed through regular flossing and brushing, plaque hardens into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional.

Stages of Gum Disease

Stage #1 – Gingivitis

This is the earliest stage of gum disease and is characterized by inflammation of the gums. Symptoms may include red, swollen, or bleeding gums, especially during brushing or flossing. However, there is no irreversible damage to the gums or bone at this stage.

Stage #2 – Periodontitis

If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. In this stage, the supporting bone and fibers holding your teeth are damaged. Gums may start pulling away from the teeth, forming infected pockets. Over time, these pockets deepen, and the bone and gum tissue may recede, leading to tooth loss.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

•  Gum Inflammation: Healthy gums should be pink, firm, and not swollen and tender.

•  Bleeding Gums: Healthy gums should not bleed easily, especially during routine activities such as brushing or flossing. However, it's essential to note that occasional bleeding can also occur due to aggressive flossing or brushing.

•  Bad Breath: Persistent bad breath, also known as halitosis, can be a symptom of gum disease.

•  Shifting Teeth or Loose: Advanced gum disease results in the loss of the bone that supports the teeth, causing them to become loose or shift position.

•  Receding Gums: When gum disease grows, the gums pull away, exposing the teeth and causing them to appear longer than usual.

•  Pain or Discomfort: Gum disease can cause pain or discomfort in the gums, particularly during activities such as chewing.

•  Pus Between Teeth and Gums: In severe cases of gum disease, pockets may form between the teeth and gums, providing a breeding ground for bacteria and leaving a foul taste in the mouth.

•  Changes in Bite Alignment: In the later stages, teeth become loose or shift position, causing a change in your bite alignment.

•  Sensitive Teeth: Gum recession and exposure of the tooth roots can lead to increased sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweet foods and beverages.

•  Abscesses: In its last stage, gum disease causes abscesses to form in the gums or between the teeth, causing immense pain.

Causes of Gum Disease

•  Poor Oral Hygiene: When you don't floss and brush regularly, plaque builds up on your teeth. When plaque hardens into tartar, it irritates the gums and can lead to infection and inflammation.

•  Tobacco Use and Smoking: Smoking and the use of other tobacco products increase gum disease risk by impairing blood flow to the gums.

•  Genetics: Genetics play a role in determining a person's susceptibility to gum disease. Some are genetically predisposed to developing gum disease, even if they maintain good oral hygiene habits.

•  Poor Nutrition: If your diet lacks essential nutrients, your immune system weakens, making it difficult for the body to fight infections, including gum disease.

•  Certain Medications: Some medications can have side effects that affect oral health. For example, certain drugs, such as anticonvulsants and immunosuppressants, can cause gum overgrowth, making it easier for plaque to accumulate and lead to gum disease.

•  Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormones, such as those occurring during pregnancy, puberty, menstruation, and menopause, affect the gums' sensitivity and make them more vulnerable to inflammation.

•  Chronic Stress: Chronic stress weakens the immune system and keeps the body from fighting infections.

•  Certain Medical Conditions: Certain diseases, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and HIV/AIDS, can increase the risk of gum disease.

•  Poorly Fitted Dental Restorations: Dental appliances such as braces, bridges, or ill-fitting dentures can create areas where plaque and food particles accumulate, increasing gum disease risk.

Treatment for Gum Disease

Periodontal therapy includes both surgical and non-surgical procedures. These include:

Professional Dental Cleaning

The first step in treating gum disease is usually a professional dental cleaning. This involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and gums. The dentist will use specialized instruments to clean above and below the gum line.

Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and root planing may be necessary for more advanced cases of gum disease. This is a deep cleaning procedure that involves removing tartar and plaque from the surfaces of the teeth and their roots. The roots are then smoothed (planned) to prevent bacteria from reattaching.


Oral antibiotics or antibacterial mouthwashes might be prescribed to reduce inflammation and control infection. These medications can be used in conjunction with other treatments to improve outcomes.

Laser Therapy

Some dentists may use laser therapy as part of gum disease treatment. Laser energy removes diseased tissue and kills bacteria, promoting healing and regeneration of healthy gum tissue.

Surgical Procedures

Surgical intervention may be necessary in severe cases of gum disease where non-surgical treatments are insufficient.

This may include:

•  Flap Surgery: The gums are lifted back to remove tartar deposits and smooth irregular surfaces of the damaged bone, then the gums are secured back in place.

•  Bone Grafts: Synthetic or natural bone is used to replace bone destroyed by gum disease, promoting bone regeneration and supporting the teeth.

•  Soft Tissue Grafts: Tissue from another part of the mouth is used to reinforce thin or receding gums, improving their appearance and reducing sensitivity.

•  Gum Grafting: In cases where gum recession has occurred, exposing the tooth roots, gum grafting is necessary. This procedure focuses on pocket depth reduction, protecting the roots from further damage. Tissue from another part of the mouth is transplanted to cover exposed roots and minimize gum recession.

Gum disease is a serious oral health concern that requires attention and diligence to address effectively. By recognizing the signs and symptoms, prioritizing oral hygiene, and seeking professional dental care when needed, people can protect their gums and teeth from the damaging effects of gingivitis. Remember, a healthy smile starts with healthy gums, so prioritize oral health in your daily routine.

Schedule an Appointment Today!

Take the first step towards a healthier smile by scheduling a consultation with Northstar Dental. During your visit, we will conduct a thorough examination, discuss your concerns and goals, and develop a personalized treatment plan for treating gum disease. For more information, you can talk to Dr. Adler. Call (303) 481-3901.
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Gum Disease Treatment in Lakewood, CO • Northstar Dental
Northstar Dental, 860 Tabor St, Ste 100, Lakewood, CO 80401 ~ (303) 481-3901 ~ ~ 7/15/2024 ~ Associated Words: dentist Lakewood CO ~